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What is Kanban?


What is Kanban?

What is Kanban?

Kanban is a highly effective project management technique that originated in the manufacturing industry and has since been widely adopted across various sectors. The term "Kanban" is derived from the Japanese words "kan" meaning "visual" and "ban" meaning "card" or "board." It is a visual workflow management system that enables teams to visualize work, optimize processes, and improve overall productivity.

How does Kanban work?

Kanban operates on the principle of visualizing work through the use of a Kanban board, which is typically a physical or digital board divided into columns representing different stages of the workflow. Each column contains cards, often represented by sticky notes or digital cards, that represent individual tasks or work items.
The Kanban board provides a clear and transparent overview of the entire workflow, allowing team members to see the status of each task at a glance. As work progresses, cards move across the board from one column to the next, reflecting the current stage of completion.

Core principles of Kanban

Kanban is based on several core principles that guide its implementation and ensure its effectiveness:
1. Visualization: The visual representation of work on the Kanban board allows teams to have a shared understanding of the workflow, making it easier to identify bottlenecks, prioritize tasks, and track progress.
2. Limiting work in progress (WIP): Kanban emphasizes the importance of limiting the number of tasks in progress at any given time. This prevents overloading team members and helps maintain a steady flow of work.
3. Flow management: Kanban focuses on optimizing the flow of work through the system. By identifying and addressing obstacles, teams can improve efficiency, reduce lead times, and enhance overall productivity.
4. Continuous improvement: Kanban encourages teams to continuously evaluate and refine their processes. By regularly analyzing performance metrics and gathering feedback, teams can identify areas for improvement and implement changes to enhance their workflow.

Benefits of using Kanban

Implementing Kanban offers numerous benefits for teams and organizations, including:
1. Enhanced visibility: Kanban provides a visual representation of work, enabling teams to have a clear understanding of the status of each task. This transparency promotes collaboration and facilitates effective communication among team members.
2. Increased efficiency: By limiting work in progress and optimizing workflow, Kanban helps teams focus on completing tasks rather than starting new ones. This reduces multitasking and promotes better time management, resulting in increased efficiency.
3. Improved productivity: Kanban enables teams to identify and eliminate bottlenecks, allowing for a smoother flow of work. This leads to faster task completion, reduced lead times, and improved overall productivity.
4. Flexibility and adaptability: Kanban is highly flexible and can be easily adapted to different projects, teams, and workflows. It allows for quick adjustments based on changing priorities, making it suitable for both small and large-scale projects.
5. Continuous improvement culture: Kanban fosters a culture of continuous improvement by encouraging teams to regularly evaluate their processes and make incremental changes. This iterative approach promotes innovation, efficiency, and overall team growth.


Kanban is a powerful project management technique that provides teams with a visual framework for managing their workflow. By visualizing work, limiting work in progress, optimizing flow, and promoting continuous improvement, Kanban helps teams enhance productivity, efficiency, and collaboration. Its flexibility and adaptability make it a valuable tool for any organization seeking to streamline their processes and achieve better project outcomes.
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