🌍 All

About us






Gatsby.js and Next.js – which one to use?

Marcin Wojtczak

Apr 22, 20205 min read

Next.jsFront-end developmentSoftware development

Table of Content

  • What is Gatsby.js?

  • What is Next.js?

  • Who is using Gatsby and Next?

  • Gatsby and Next: The similarities

  • Gatsby and Next: the differences

  • Gatsby or Next: Which one to use?

So you want to create a new website for your company or a full-blown application, and you are looking for the best tool for the job? If you're a JavaScript Developer or are familiar with the development, these two toolkits will have you covered! Before we go into a more detailed comparison, I'd like to introduce you to the basic concepts behind these solutions. If you're an experienced developer and already know the basics, you can go ahead and skip the next two paragraphs.

What is Gatsby.js?

As per their homepage: "Gatsby is a free and open-source framework based on React that helps developers build blazing-fast websites and apps."

Its primary focus is to enable high performance by generating static HTML pages. If we combine this with built-in PWA support, getting only the critical assets on a first load and prefetching assets for subsequent pages, we get almost instant loading times. It also has an entire ecosystem of plugins and ready-to-use themes.

Gatsby is somewhat opinionated on how you should provide data for your application or website. Despite being able to handle different data sources like headless CMS, SaaS services, API, or even markdown files, you still need to use GraphQL to put this data into your React app. For a more in-depth feature list, please refer to Gatsby.js documentation. For more insights, you can also check out a great Gatsby.js use case by our React Developer, Mateusz Wójcik.

What is Next.js?

In contrast to Gatsby, performance (though it's still great) isn't the main focus of the Next.js framework. Its goal is to provide an opinionated toolset with which developers can create Server Side Rendered applications or websites with close to no configuration. You can read about all the functionalities in more detail in their documentation.

 Next.js gives you routing, CSS-in-JS styling, folder structure, code splitting, data fetching of the box. The best thing is that you can easily customize or even wholly replace each of these elements without a hassle. You can find a multitude of examples of how to integrate Next.js with other tools.

Who is using Gatsby and Next?

You might be wondering which big companies are using those frameworks. It is an excellent question, and the answer is... a lot of them! Here are some examples:


Mobile version of Twitch,

Netflix Jobs website,





Gatsby and Next: The similarities

Before we talk about the differences, let's see what these frameworks have in common. First of all, no matter which one you choose, you will get a performant website or application, although this outcome is achieved by different means. Additionally, Next.js and Gatsby.js provide good SEO out of the box, since both deliver already rendered HTML (at least on the initial render).

As mentioned in previous paragraphs, we can expect exceptional Developer Experience from either of these toolsets. Additionally, both support hot reloading out of the box. Depending on your needs, this can be a huge advantage over just using Create React App in which you need to handle most of the configuration and architectural decisions by yourself. Because both frameworks aren't that complex, the learning curve is quite small, and besides, they have excellent documentation and tutorials.

Other handy features that Gatsby.js and Next.js handle similarly are: 


code splitting,



Gatsby and Next: the differences

OK, so if both frameworks are so similar, then what are the differences between them? There are a few, but the most important ones are how the pages are rendered and how they handle data.

Page rendering

As mentioned before, Next.js renders pages via the usage of Server Side Rendering. Because of that, to run applications made in that tool, we need to use a Node.js server, which will handle the dynamic rendering of HTML upon each request. It all happens in the runtime. After the initial HTML is loaded, Next.js handles hydration so that the application can become interactive. 

Gatsby.js, on the other hand, generates HTML during the build time, which is why it is widely considered as a static site generator. It is not entirely correct since it can be used as PWA and handle API calls easily. The main benefit of this approach is that we don't need any Node server to handle rendering

After the build, we already have HTML/CSS/JS files, which we can host wherever we want. Although it sounds good, this approach also comes with some drawbacks, especially if our website has a lot of subpages. After each data update, a rebuild should be triggered, which will re-generate all the HTML files, and if we have hundreds of them, this process can take quite some time.

Data handling

Both frameworks have taken a very different approach to this topic. Gatsby.js tells you exactly how you should handle data fetching (GraphQL), while Next.js leaves that aspect entirely to the developer's decision. Because of Gatsby's approach, we will focus on explaining it, since this is what you need to use. 

GraphQL enables you to fetch only the data that you need for each page. On the other hand, it ties you to the technology that you might not want to use. Gatsby.js also provides a variety of plugins via which you can connect to a set of different data sources. During the build process, data is fetched and stored in JSON files for later usage. It can also be updated when needed. More extensive docs on that process can be found on the Gatsby.js page.

Gatsby or Next: Which one to use?

For small and mid-sized projects, you can't go wrong with either of those. You have to take the differences into account, especially in terms of the data fetching approach and figure out which one suits your taste more. We recommend using Gatsby if you're building a website based on a JAM stack, personal blog, or just a simple static website. If you don't want to use GraphQL and you're building a more dynamic website or a hybrid app (like Twitter or Reddit), Next.js might be a better choice, mainly because of the runtime SSR.

Things get more complicated if we talk about a large website with hundreds and thousands of subpages and content being added by multiple users. In that case, the clear winner is Next.js because of its approach to SSR. As mentioned before, Gatsby.js generates every page on each rebuild. It can get up to even 20 minutes for a large collection of content. Since users would like to see their added content in real-time and not have to wait minutes or even hours in extreme situations, static site rendering is not a good tool for this job.

As you can see, the answer to our main question is not that simple, unless you're building a big application or website with 500+ pages. As usual, you should always try to pick the right tool for the job, based on its features and your personal preferences. We hope that our guide will help you make this decision and provide you with enough knowledge of the pros and cons of both frameworks, so you'll be happy with whatever you end up using. Would you like to know more? Get in touch at

Gatsby.js and Next.js – which one to use?

Published on April 22, 2020


Marcin Wojtczak JavaScript Team Leader

Don't miss a beat - subscribe to our newsletter
I agree to receive marketing communication from Startup House. Click for the details

You may also highlightlike...

14 accessibility hacks to make your users’ day better
AccessibilityUX designFront-end development

14 accessibility hacks to make your users’ day better

Accessibility in app development is often overlooked, but it plays a vital role in ensuring inclusivity and improving user experience for individuals with disabilities. With approximately one billion people worldwide experiencing some form of disability, it's crucial to consider accessibility as a necessary aspect of app design and development. By incorporating accessibility features from the beginning, you not only cater to a significant user base but also create a more user-friendly and inclusive app for everyone.

Maciek Kozłowski

Dec 02, 20197 min read

Ensuring HIPAA Compliance in Healthcare Apps with Startup House: A Comprehensive Guide
Cloud computingSoftware developmentWeb development

Ensuring HIPAA Compliance in Healthcare Apps with Startup House: A Comprehensive Guide

Startup House is the trusted partner for building HIPAA-compliant healthcare apps with advanced security solutions. From utilizing advanced cloud solutions to implementing comprehensive audit logs and robust security measures, we prioritize privacy, security, and compliance. With 24/7 threat detection and secure data storage, your app remains protected at all times. Choose Startup House for a reliable and secure solution that gives you peace of mind.

Marek Majdak

May 11, 20233 min read

Everything You Need to Know about Nearshore Software Development
Software development

Everything You Need to Know about Nearshore Software Development

When hiring a highly skilled software development team without breaking the bank becomes a challenge, nearshore software development outsourcing offers a cost-effective solution. Learn about the benefits, comparison with offshore and onshore models, and how to choose the right nearshore development company. Mitigate risks and ensure secure data storage. Startup House provides cost-effective and optimal software development outsourcing. Contact us today. That’s why it might be a good idea to consider some nearshore software development outsourcing services. But what does a nearshore software development model look like, exactly? And when should you go for it?

Alexander Stasiak

May 19, 20235 min read

Let's talk
let's talk

Let's build

something together

highlightRethink your business, go digital.

Startup Development House sp. z o.o.

Aleje Jerozolimskie 81

Warsaw, 02-001

VAT-ID: PL5213739631

KRS: 0000624654

REGON: 364787848

Contact us

Follow us


Copyright © 2024 Startup Development House sp. z o.o.

EU ProjectsPrivacy policy